Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)

Ocean Collection


Climate Change and the Ocean:
Special Collection of Reprints from the Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change



Photo Credit: Traditional fishing boat, Palawan, Philippines. © Global Change Institute, The University of Queensland.


The Oceans regulate atmospheric conditions, stabilize global temperature, and provide food and resources to hundreds of millions of people throughout the world. It is however heavily influenced by the rapid rise of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, putting at risk marine ecosystems, people, and industries. The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the IPCC increased its focus on the oceans as part of the assessment undertaken by Working Group II. The products of this increased focus are provided here as a special ocean reprint collection, which contains the major ocean chapters plus relevant cross-chapter boxes. This collection is also linked to other important material on oceans, which are presented in other parts of the Working Group I contribution to the AR5.




Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaption, and Vulnerability

    Ch 5 — Coastal Sytsems and Low-Lying Areas
    Ch 6 — Ocean Systems (+supplementary material)
    Ch 30 —The Ocean (+supplementary material)
    Cross-Chapter Boxes
  • Coral Reefs
  • Heat Stress and Heat Waves
  • Observed Global Responses of Marine Biogeography, Abundance, and Phenology to Climate Change
  • Ocean Acidification
  • Net Primary Production in the Ocean
  • Uncertain Trends in Major Upwelling Ecosystems


 Links to Related Chapters from Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report

Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis